To understand the right to adequate food, it must be taken into account that it is within the rights considered economic, social and cultural, and this translates into the way in which the State must operate to ensure the realization of said right.
This means that in order for the right to adequate food to occur, the State must develop a series of actions to guarantee full access. These political actions translate into public policy, being a mechanism to enforce the right to adequate food.
In order to understand what the right to adequate food consists of, one can take as a basis the General Observation No. 12 done by the Committee of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. This observation performs an analysis on what is the scope of said right.
The right to adequate food is inherent in the right to human dignity. For the State to ensure the right to adequate food, it must necessarily have a policy of social justice, which implies the adoption of economic, social, and environmental policies to eradicate poverty.
In the migrant community, the human rights defenders of migrants have ensured that this community has food security, in which they have food donation programs that are not directly related to the government. However, given the lack of access to food through a government program, it is the defenders who at the border and throughout our country have been in charge of ensuring that this right to food is fulfilled for everyone.
In the development of public policies for the progressive realization of the right to adequate food, the principles of adequacy and sustainability must be observed. Public policy must observe the factors that are taken into account when determining whether such foods to which the population has access can be considered the most appropriate. On the other hand, when developing public policy, one must be aware of sustainability or food security, the possibility that the population has access to food given its conditions. Therefore, the policy of access to food must be developed taking into consideration the social, economic, cultural, climatic and ecological conditions in which the population is immersed in.
In conclusion, the low realization of the right to adequate food is not closely related to a lack of access to available food, but with the ability to access food because it is an issue that transcends physical availability. Ensuring that the food available in an area is accessible to migrants is often an achievement of the arduous and strategic work of civil society that often replaces the obligations of the State.